Jodo comprises learning pared forms (Kata), wherein the attacker wields a wooden samurai sword (bokken) and the defender counter attacks with the Jo (wooden staff). The task of the Jo is to get the upper hand in the duel so as to make the swordsman concede defeat.
In competition two partners perform next to each other and are judged simultaneously on their technical ability and fighting spirit. Therefore, although each couple is demonstrating a combat situation they must work together to express the true spirit of Jodo. Competitions are only divided into grade order thereby men and women of all ages, shapes and sizes can compete together, which is extremely rare in any martial art or sport. For these reasons this is a great activity for a couple to start together, nonetheless individual members can also be pared and practice together.
It could be said that in modern terms Jodo is the study conflict of resolution without the need of a violent conclusion.